SOME OF OUR SERVICES FOR LIBRARIES
Digitization of newspapers, books, magazines, journals, and manuscripts
For digitization of books, magazines, journals, documents, and manuscripts, Contentra works with several publishers to convert their back files, pre-press, and legacy files into XML, SGML, HTML and other formats. The time lag between print and electronic publishing is decreasing. Contentra’s expertise to digitize and deliver content for any platform (e.g., print, web, or mobile) helps gives an increased amount of value addition and flexibility to our publisher clients.
E-Paper, e-Magazine, and e-Book creation services
Contentra converts from any of the common digital publishing formats, like PDF, Quark, InDesign, HTML, XML, and RTF, into any of the major e-book standards like EPUB, HTML e-books, web-ready PDFs, Open Packaging Format (OPF), DAISY (XML-based e-book standard), Mobipocket file format, or plain text format.
Contentra creates e-book formats (including EPUB) that are compatible with Amazon Kindle, the iPhone, the Sony E-Book Reader, and any other handheld reading devices. Contentra will provide all necessary components and navigation features that will be required for the e-book to be displayed correctly on the device.
Our highly skilled project management team will provide you with the highest quality standards in terms of accuracy levels, even with complex layout elements like tables, illustrations, special characters, different fonts, and various languages. Contentra also specializes in providing the creation of e-paper services for newspaper publishers, wherein it enables the publisher to have their content accessible as an electronic newspaper both on the web as well as on various tab devices and smartphones. SCANNING (FROM HARD COPY, MICROFILM, AND MICROFICHE)
Contentra provides scanning and imaging services to its clients on a turnkey basis. This includes scanning from hard copy documents, microfilms, and microfiches. This enables our customers to have a paperless office. By converting paper documents into digital images, it gives them instant access to the documents and reduces the cumbersome process of storage and retrieval of information from hard copies. We use various types of ADF and flatbed scanners, in addition to microfilm and microfiche scanning machines.
Scanning (From Hard Copies, Microfilms, Microfiche)
Contentra provides scanning and imaging services to its clients on a turnkey basis. This includes scanning from hard copy documents, microfilm and microfiches. This enables our customers to have a paperless office by converting paper documents into digital images giving them instant access to the documents and reducing the cumbersome process of storage and retrieval of information from hard copies. We use various types of ADF and Flatbed scanners in addition to microfilm and microfiche scanning machines.
XML provides a foundation for creating documents and document systems. XML operates on two main levels: first, it provides syntax for document markup; and second, it provides syntax for declaring the structures of documents. XML is clearly targeted on the web, though it certainly has applications beyond it. XML provides both programmers and document authors with a friendly environment, at least by computing standards. XML’s rigid set of rules helps make documents more readable to both humans and machines.
XML is extensible in two senses. First, it allows developers to create their own DTDs, effectively creating ‘extensible’ tag sets that can be used for multiple applications. Second, XML itself is being extended with several additional standards that add styles, linking, and referencing ability to the core XML set of capabilities. As a core standard, XML provides a solid foundation around which other standards may grow.
XML can be used on a wide variety of platforms and interpreted with a broad range of tools. Because the document structures behave consistently, parsers that interpret them can be built at relatively low cost in any of a number of languages. XML supports various key standards for character encoding, allowing it to be used all over the world in different computing environments.
The conversion process of an XML mainly depends on the format of the input source. For example, if input is in image format, then it needs to be OCR’d (Optical Character Recognition) before conversion. Similarly, if the input is in print format, then it needs to be converted into image format before OCR.
Some of the file formats that we have handled are listed below:
- PDF (image/searchable)
We have expertise in developing DTD and schemas and in custom design of QC and validation tools as per the business requirement of the customer. We also have expertise in developing XSLT/CSS for XML/HTML projects. Following are the standard DTDs we are familiar with:
- book-dtd-2.2 (NLM)
Newspaper Format Conversion for “Born Digital” Newspaper (NITF, MOBI, EPUB, etc.)
Newspaper content offers a rich and valuable resource to any organization, whether monitoring press coverage or simply for gathering intelligence.
Online newspapers in a digital format become accessible to a much wider global audience. Users are then empowered to search any specific content across titles via a simple search tool.
Over the years, Contentra Technologies has specialized in providing time-driven services to media-monitoring agencies, newspaper publishers, content aggregators, and licensing agencies across the UK, Europe, U.S. and Asia Pacific regions. Contentra utilizes state-of-the-art third-party and in-house software to execute and meet the specific requirements of each of our clients.
Contentra receives some 188 tabloid newspapers—6,000 pages—and 240 contemporary newspaper titles 24/7 in the form of PDF Normal files via FTP. All these files are converted to NITF-compliant XML using customized XSLT and a user interface. Contentra also provides Kindle and iPad compatible outputs. The following processes are in effect:
- Downloading of PDF files
- Allocation of files
- Extraction of the data from PDF files
- Tagging, formatting, and on-screen proofreading
- Validation and parsing as per the DTD
- Quality checks
- Uploading of the output
Art & Clipping services
Contentra Technologies also provides clipping services to various media monitoring companies and news and media agencies from around the world. With our state-of-the-art technology, we help our clients by providing them with copies of media content which is of specific interest to them. We receive the inputs in the form of scanned newspaper pages and are capable of providing our clients with the clips in various commonly used digital formats like XML, PDF, JPEG, or any other format that the client needs.
Front end/portal services
At Contentra, we understand that a good website enables our clients to generate increased revenue by diverting more traffic to their website. Contentra concentrates on developing an understanding of client’s business requirements and accordingly conceptualizes and develops the web portals for its clients which would help them in meeting their business goals.
As with any other old documents, photographs also deteriorate over time and in most cases they are valuable sources of information which should be preserved. Preserving them in digital format with relevant information attached to it is one of the most commonly used ways to have them stored. Contentra helps in such processes by scanning the photographs from different source materials like films, glass plates, hard copy photos, etc., and also restoring them in certain cases when the photo has been been damaged.
Front-end services based on DSpace, Fedora, and Greenstone
Contentra also specializes in providing front-end services based on implementing various platforms like DSpace, Fedora, and Greenstone.
A platform like DSpace has been used to store any type of digital medium like journal papers, data sets, electronic theses, reports, conference posters, videos, images, etc. It essentially enables a quick access to all the research and other material to a worldwide audience.
Contentra also specializes in implementing Fedora solutions for many of its clients. Fedora is a general purpose, open source digital object repository system, which enables them to store all kinds of content and its metadata and it is scalable up to millions of digital objects thus giving the user high levels of scalability.
Contentra is also currently engaged in working with several national libraries wherein we have implemented the Greenstone digital library software. Greenstone is a software suite that has been developed by the New Zealand Digital Library Project at the University of Waikato. It is a software suite which enables building, maintaining and distributing digital library collections.
Trusted Digital Repository Services
Besides our expertise in providing print to digital and digital to digital conversion services Contentra also specializes in providing Trusted Repository Services as a value addition or an extension of its core services. Through its trusted repository services Contentra guarantees integrity of digital objects and archived safely for many years. Contentra is working toward getting the required standard compliance certifications in this field of service.
Web Archiving Services
Web Archiving is a technology which enables organizations to capture, preserve and render content from the web in an archival setting so that it can be independently managed and preserved for future reference. As a natural extension to its document archiving services Contentra also specializes in providing reliable web archiving services. Contentra uses open source capture tools like the Heritrix Web Crawler, HTTrack, Wget, WARCreate, WARRICK etc and enables viewing of the archived content with the use of open source replay tools like Wayback Machine and also uses other workflow tools like Web Curator Tool, Netarchive Suite etc.
Digital Preservation and Archiving
In today’s world the preservation of digital records and digital cultural content has become a major challenge for libraries and archives whose objective is to preserve the intellectual and cultural heritage of the country. Through its digital preservation services Contentra ensures that the digital material owned by its clients are made accessible and usable over a period of time irrespective or technological changes, media failure or any other eventuality in the future.